drug abuse symptoms woman

Symptoms and Signs of Drug Use

How can you know of someone is abusing drugs?

It’s not always easy to know if someone is abusing drugs or alcohol. They may deny it. You may think you are overreacting. Drugs and alcohol affect many aspects of a person’s behavior and health. Someone can be acting strangely, but is it because they are taking drugs? Or is it just a phase they are going through? How can you know for sure if someone is abusing drugs? While different drugs have very specific symptoms, there are some general indications for all drugs that you can pinpoint as well

General Indications Someone is Abusing Drugs

Change in behavior: If someone suddenly starts acting differently than normal, they could be using drugs. For instance, someone who is normally introspective may become boisterous and loud

Moodiness: Someone may be angry, irritable or grumpy than suddenly cheerful and happy. These mood swings are erratic and unpredictable

Withdrawal from friends and family: This is a common symptom of drug use. Someone may withdraw and become isolated to hide the fact that they are using drugs. Also, with addiction, the drugs become the most important thing in life, eclipsing relationships with family and friends

Less personal hygiene: Self-care and cleanliness become less important when someone is using drugs

No longer interested in the things they love: Someone is not involved with favorite activities, hobbies, like sports

Different sleeping patterns: Someone may start staying up all night and sleeping during the day

Glassy or red eyes: This symptom is easy to spot and often a sign of drug use

Runny nose or the sniffles: Stuffy or runny nose that lasts longer than the common cold

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Methamphetamine Effects

Methamphetamine is a stimulant that makes someone physically and mentally overactive.

Someone who is abusing methamphetamine is:

  • Sleepless for days or weeks
  • Not interested in eating
  • Excessively excited
  • Extremely talkative
  • Losing weight
  • Paranoid
  • Sweating Profusely
  • Anxious
  • Behaving aggressively
  • Mentally confused
  • Moody
  • Violent
  • Depressed
  • Nervous
  • Unable to visually focus
  • Hallucinating
  • Exhibiting delusions of power
  • Confused
  • Exhibiting psychosis
  • Repeating physical actions (like picking)

Ecstasy Effects

Ecstasy changes the way someone processes physical and mental stimulation.

Someone on ecstasy will have:

  • Decreased appetite
  • Increased energy levels
  • High body temperature
  • Clenching teeth
  • Muscle cramps
  • Nausea
  • Blurred vision
  • Dilated pupils
  • Abnormal social actions (overly friendly or talkative)
  • Oversensitivity to lights and sounds
  • Alternating sweating and chills

Cocaine Effects

Cocaine is also a highly addictive stimulant.

Someone who is using cocaine will have:

  • Confusion
  • Anxiety
  • Sleeplessness
  • Scratching
  • Lack of appetite
  • Increased energy levels
  • Lowered sex drive
  • Paranoia
  • Dilated pupils
  • Panic attacks
  • Impaired thought processes
  • Moodiness
  • Depression
  • Aggression
  • Hallucinations
  • Runny Nose V
  • Nose Bleeds (if snorting)
  • Track marks (if injecting)
  • Burned fingers or lips (if smoking)

Stimulant After-Effects

Someone who uses stimulant drugs like methamphetamine, ecstasy or cocaine will exhibit very different symptoms after prolonged use or a binge.

Someone who is “coming down” after using these drugs will be:

  • Depressed
  • Agitated
  • Craving more of the drug
  • Apathetic
  • Exhausted
  • Sleeping for long periods of time

LSD Effects

Lysergic acid, also called LSD or “acid,” is a hallucinogen.

Someone “tripping on acid” will have:

  • Hallucinations
  • Confusion
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Anxiety
  • Distorted sense of time and space
  • Dilated pupils
  • Dizziness
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Paranoia

PCP Effects

PCP, known as Phencyclidine, was originally used as a medical anesthetic. Taken recreationally, it has mind-altering effects and can lead to dangerous behavior.

Someone who is taking PCP will exhibit:

  • Violent or strange behavior
  • Paranoia
  • Anxiety
  • Aggressive behavior
  • Fear
  • Red skin
  • Sweating
  • Disorientation
  • Numbness
  • Hallucinations

Inhalant Effects

Inhalants, like spray paint, glue and solvents, are easily obtained and highly destructive. Any long-term use can cause permanent brain damage.

Someone who is using inhalants experiences:

  • Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • Fainting
  • Memory loss
  • Tremors
  • Slurred speech
  • Eye twitches
  • Impaired cognitive function
  • Emotional instability

Heroin Effects

Heroin produces a dream-like state. The user “nods off” for minutes or hours.

Someone using heroin will have:

  • Slow breathing
  • Red skin
  • Scratching
  • Vomiting
  • Slurred words
  • Small pupils
  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Poor hygiene
  • Inability to stay awake

Marijuana Effects

Someone who is using marijuana will have:

  • Dry mouth
  • Droopy eyelids
  • Red eyes
  • Compulsive eating
  • Lack of energy
  • Lack of motivation
  • Lost interest in usual activities
  • Memory loss
  • Slow body movements
  • Lack of coordination
  • Confusion

Prescription Depressants and Pain Pill Effects

Depressants slow down motor functions.

Someone who is abusing prescription pain or anxiety medication will have:

  • Lethargy
  • Slurred Speech
  • Dilated Pupils
  • Staggering
  • Disorientation
  • Sleepiness
  • Dizziness
  • Memory loss

“The key to relaxation is peace of mind. The relaxation gained from alcohol, drugs or just listening to music may seem attractive, but it doesn’t last.”

-Dalai Lama

Summary
Symptoms and Signs of Drug Use: How to Know If Someone is Using Drugs
Article Name
Symptoms and Signs of Drug Use: How to Know If Someone is Using Drugs
Description
How can you know if someone has a substance abuse problem? Know the signs and you will know if you need help.
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Publisher Name
Ventura Recovery Center
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